When excessive amount of protein is released in Urine and there is deficiency of protein in the body, it is called Nephrotic Syndrome. It is a kidney disease, most commonly seen in young children. Although elders can also become victims of it, but most nephrotic syndrome occurs only in children between 2 years and 6 years. According to myUpchar, nephrotic syndrome leads to swelling of legs and ankles and other risks are increased.
What is nephrotic syndrome
Kidney works to flush out the contaminants of the body, but due to a large hole in the filter of the kidney, the body’s essential nutrients and proteins are released through the urethra. This causes a deficiency of protein in the blood. This causes swelling of eyes and stomach, as well as cholesterol. In this, the small kidney vessels, which act as filters, get damaged. If not treated properly, nephrotic syndrome disease can affect a person for a long time.Read also – want to eat long life, eat red chillies, will also increase the risk of cancer: Study
Symptoms of nephrotic syndrome
Nephrotic syndrome causes swelling around the abdomen, face and eyes of the person. The problem of high blood pressure can also be seen in it. In addition, the patient feels less hungry. If any such symptoms are seen, then the doctor should be informed about it immediately, so that it can be treated on time. The following tests can be used to diagnose it.
(1) Urine test
If any symptoms of nephrotic syndrome are seen, then protein is tested in urin. For this, a urine test is done, in which the correct amount of protein is detected in the urine.
(2) blood test
Blood tests can help to detect nephrotic syndrome disease. Blood samples are taken in this and protein levels are checked in it, as well as triglyceride is also detected.
(3) kidney biopsy
In this test, small samples of kidney tissue are examined under a microscope in the lab. During the biopsy a special needle is inserted into the skin and kidney, from which the kidney tissue is removed.
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How to avoid nephrotic syndrome
It is important to recognize the symptoms in time and start treatment, as it can lead to other diseases later. Why this disease is more prevalent in children, it is not yet known. In such a situation, children should be kept away from fatty foods and they should be given protein-rich food in normal amounts. According to myUpchar, to prevent complications of this disease, doctors can advise dietary changes along with medicines.
Our article for more information, Nephrotic syndrome Read.
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